Author Archives: andrew lainton
On hot, summer days, the last place you would want to be is up on a roof – especially without footwear on.
They are hoping the cool paint will be used throughout Abu Dhabi and the UAE, believing it could significantly reduce the environmental cost of running air-conditioning units.
Its developers, Watergy International Group, claim the paint could reduce a building’s surface temperature by 20 per cent.
This in turn would reduce the cooling load of the building as a whole, energy consumption and carbon dioxide production.
The technology was tested on a 197-square-metre area of the roof at the Masdar field station, where Watergy workers painted a third of the area with gray cool paint, which matched the original colour of the concrete, a third was painted white, while the remainder of open roof area was left uncoated. Stepping on to the cool painted area, everyone took their shoes off under the glaring sun and started strolling around the cool roof.
The difference between the painted and non-painted areas was immediately noticeable.
Peter Armstrong, associate professor of mechanical engineering at Masdar Institute, said that the white paint is the coolest, but based on architectural requests, the paint could be provided in other colours, such as grey and black.
“It is best to have white on the roof because no one can see it up there,” he said.
Measuring the temperature on the unpainted area at 9.30am on a toasty Abu Dhabi morning, the reading was 46.6°C. Moving to the coated area it was 24.9°C.
Prof Armstrong believes it is not only buildings that could benefit.
He suggested painting the streets with it as “the cooling load of the AC in the car will be less”.
He explained that when a car’s air conditioning is turned up, while the car might be nice and chilled, you are adding to the heat of the street and the surrounding environment.
The secret to the cooling is titanium dioxide, a chemical used in sunscreens because of its excellent reflective qualities.
Prof Armstrong says the paint would have more dramatic effects on buildings with poor insulation.
“A typical villa with concrete or block walls with no insulation benefits the most from this paint – which is the case in most of Abu Dhabi,” he said.
Another useful way to take advantage of the paint is to apply it to AC units on roofs of buildings.
“Villas would benefit greatly. In a typical villa the AC unit is up on the roof so when you limit the heat on the roof you improve the performance of the AC because now where the AC is, it is a lower temperature,” he said. “The higher the temperature is where AC is trying to reject the heat the lower the performance.”
Industrial areas and warehouses could also benefit greatly.
“For example, car shops have fans in their warehouses. Let’s say the fan is sending down air at 40°C,” said Wamid Zori, managing director of Watergy. “So imagine the impact if we can get it down to 30°C.”
Cool paint costs as much as any good-quality paint, “so it is not so expensive, yet worth the other savings”, Mr Zori said.
The paint has already been tested on a hangar roof in Sharjah and a supermarket in Milan, Italy with positive results.
Meanwhile, Watergy has signed a memorandum of understanding with Masdar worth Dh10 million to test the paint in two 50,000-square-metre areas of Abu Dhabi.
Prof Armstrong is keen to get started painting straight away.
Aldar Properties [Abu Ahbi's largest] is to introduce strict resale restrictions on its latest launches in an attempt to curb speculation.
“Buyers must pay 50 per cent of the property value – no one is allowed to pay less – before they can sell the property,” said the Aldar chairman, Abubaker Seddiq Al Khoori. “All factors point to the fact that the market has learnt from the mistakes made last time. Buyers are now more careful, developers are more cautious and study the market carefully because of the problems of the past.”
Speculation on off-plan property sales was one of the elements blamed for fuelling the UAE property bubble that burst dramatically in 2008.
As property prices rocketed, speculators turned to “flipping” off-plan homes by putting down small deposits on them and then selling the contract on for a quick profit, inflating prices even further.
The practice has prompted companies such as Emaar to attempt to curb speculation by saying it would refuse to transfer the names on purchase agreements until buyers had paid up to 40 per cent of the value of the home.
Nonetheless brokers say that speculators have been getting around the new restrictions by drawing up their own agreements to sell, regardless of the required contractual milestones. Properties sold by Emaar under similar rules have appeared for sale on property website Dubizzle just hours after they were purchased off-plan, often at much higher prices.
They also warn that relaxed payment plans for off-plan properties are making it easier for buyers to make risky purchases.
Aldar said that its new flats would be sold to off-plan investors through a payment plan where investors pay 50 per cent of the value of the property during construction and the other 50 per cent after the properties have been built.
The new off-plan sales launches are Aldar’s first aimed at the mass market since the company was hit by the global financial crisis, prompting it to sell some of its major assets to the Abu Dhabi Government and to merge with its rival Sorouh last summer. Since then, the company says it has turned itself around by cutting debt and costs.
A Tory planning minister has admitted that the coalition’s new wave of garden cities would not have to contain a single affordable home, despiteNick Clegg‘s claims that they would offer low-cost accommodation andhelp solve the UK’s housing crisis.
As the government unveiled plans for new garden cities containing 15,000 homes each, it emerged that developers would not need to reserve a certain proportion of the properties for those struggling most with the cost of living.
Asked by Labour whether the first garden city in Ebbsfleet would contain low-cost homes, Nick Boles, a Conservative minister, said the government would “not impose a particular level of affordable housing for housing schemes”.
“Unrealistic Section 106 agreements [which specify how many affordable homes should be built] result in no development, no regeneration and no community benefits,” he added.
Under changes brought in by the coalition, developers can challenge requirements for affordable housing imposed by councils, with some firms arguing that they depress the prices they can get for properties in the rest of the development.
Clegg said a new wave of garden cities would “provide affordable homes, good schools, and jobs for the next generation, whilst at the same time preserving the countryside” as he invited communities to bid for funding from a £2.4bn pot to host the new developments by 2020.
However, the prospectus launched by the government only said that local areas “may wish to consider” mixed-tenure homes which were “affordable for ordinary people”. It added: “The government does not wish to impose any definition of what garden cities are, but instead intends to work with localities to support them in developing and delivering their own vision.”
Clegg said he hoped that a new set of cities would help create an “ark of prosperity” in the south-east, where people wanted to live but were currently unable to find houses.
Labour accused the government of failing to tackle the housing crisis early enough and of ignoring the issue of whether any new homes would actually help those struggling to find affordable accommodation.
Roberta Blackman-Woods, a shadow communities and local government minister, said: “The government is failing to tackle the housing crisis and as a result, home ownership remains out of reach for too many low and middle-income earners. It is vital that the government takes affordable housing seriously in any plans for new development, but so far they have avoided such a commitment. We would expect that any proposals brought forward for new garden cities to address the growing need for affordable housing.”
A spokesman for the Department for Communities and Local Government confirmed there were no Whitehall targets for the number of affordable homes in garden cities.
A government decision to let housing developers scrap affordable homes to maintain profits is “storing up trouble for the future” and fuelling nimbyism, a leading Tory council has warned.
The leadership of Milton Keynes has complained that the decision to water down the requirement for developers to include affordable homes in their plans was a reaction to “squeals” from the construction industry.
Twelve months ago ministers amended planning laws to make it easier for developers to renegotiate deals with town halls over the number of affordable homes they must supply. Now, in an act of open rebellion, Milton Keynes’s Tory leadership claims the policy has “swung the balance much too far in favour of the developers”.
If the policy persists, the town will build 500 fewer affordable homes over the next five years, according to its figures. For example, the developer of 211 homes at Bletchley that was due to include 63 affordable homes recently successfully resubmitted plans with no affordable homes at all, on profitability grounds.
The attack will be particularly embarrassing for George Osborne, who last month used Milton Keynes, earmarked for a 28,000-home expansion, as an example of how “our predecessors had the ambition to build for Britain”.
“We are trying to build a city that is sustainable and we are not being allowed to,” said David Hopkins, deputy leader of the council. “They are setting up problems not today or next year but in five years time, and there will be a shortage of affordable housing. That will lead to problems in the service sector and public sector because people won’t be able to afford to live in Milton Keynes.”
Hopkins claimed the problem has been caused by ministers treating builders as “poor lambs” after they “squealed” about the viability of developments where they were required to build 30% or more affordable homes. He has written to the planning minister, Nick Boles, demanding he drop a policy “that unfairly and inappropriately favours the interest of developers over the needs of present and future residents”.
The policy was introduced in reaction to falling property values, and councils have been told they must take account of commercial viability calculations in order to prevent schemes stalling.
But with rapidly rising house prices – up 9.5% on the same time last year, according to Nationwide – there is growing pressure to drop it.
Boles told the Guardian that planning deals negotiated during the last housing boom are “economically unrealistic, meaning no development, no regeneration and no community benefits”.
“The latest figures show that as a result of our measures, the number of stalled sites with planning permission is falling,” he said. “Since 2010, the government has helped deliver 170,000 new affordable homes, and we have a £20 billion investment programme in affordable housing up to 2015, and a further £23 billion after it.”
But since 2010 the construction of affordable homes nationwide has fallen sharply from 60,480 to 42,830 in 2012-13, well short of the equivalent of 55,000 a year the government plans to build between 2015 and 2018.
Labour’s shadow housing minister, Emma Reynolds, called for the policy to be scrapped.
“There is a massive shortage of affordable homes across the country,” she said. “Now even leading Tory councillors are attacking their own government for their failed housing policies. David Cameron is presiding over the lowest levels of house building in peacetime since the 1920s, and he has no answers to tackle the shortage of affordable homes.”
An investigation last autumn found that of the 82 biggest housing developments in 10 cities, 60% fell short of local affordable housing targets. Last week the launch of 600 flats designed by the architect Frank Gehry at Battersea Power station was engulfed in controversy after it emerged none would be “affordable”.
Milton Keynes has threatened to mount legal challenges to developers who insist they can only build homes profitably if social housing is cut.
“The development control committee is frequently confronted with applications where developers have submitted viability assessment that show a development is only viable if affordable housing is greatly reduced often to a level of less than 20%,” Hopkins said. “Why is it that those in need of affordable accomodation … should bear the cost of the difficult market conditions rather than the developers and lenders … taking a reduced profit?”
Andrew Whitaker, planning director at the Home Builders Federation which represents housebuilders, said: “Private housebuilders deliver the majority of affordable housing in this country. In a few cases, sites where planning permissions were negotiated some years ago are no longer viable to develop in the current market. Renegotiating the level of affordable housing on such sites allows the site to come forward, and much needed housing – including some affordable homes – to be built.”
A Man arrested for gopwing pot in Dubai has blamed his cat. The National
I smoked the substance then threw away the seeds from the window and they fell into our garden where they grew. But since we have a cat that keeps messing the plants, my mother removed them from the garden into pots and placed them on the balcony,” said the Emirati defendant S F, 31, at the Criminal Court yesterday.
Funded by BBC by Beno Saradzic. From a skyscrapers eye view. Not taking with a movie camera but still with timed exposures. As the camera dollies, zooms and pans I was left thinking how the **** did he do that. He must have a very clever rig to do it without camera shake. The closing credits give the answer.
The Nobel Prize for Planning Petitions – ‘We are opposed to star architects constructing their angular spectacles of glass and steel’
Building Design - All the press reports about England having the most ‘bogged down and protracted’ planning system in the world are wrong. Protests and JRs in Sweden often mean that major projects can take decades. Though David Chipperfield seems to be gaining a rep for insensitivity re Heritage Assets and Settings
The Nobel Foundation has insisted that a campaign to block David Chipperfield’s Nobel Centre will not succeed in moving it to another part of Stockholm.
The site, on a promontory in the heart of the Swedish capital, was donated by the city authorities which has been saving it for just such an international cultural project, a spokeswoman told BD.
Thousands of protestors have joined a Facebook group objecting to plans for a “monumental building” in a “fragile” part of the city.
And nearly 2,000 have signed a petition against the plans, with 400 adding their names in the week since Chipperfield was named winner of the international design competition.
It declares: “We are opposed to star architects constructing their angular spectacles of glass and steel right in the middle of the protected historic environment, as monuments to themselves, at our expense and the city’s.”
They are particularly upset that construction of the Nobel Centre will result in the relocation of ferries and the demolition of a number of historic harbourside buildings in the Blasieholmen area.
These include the Customs House, dating from 1876 and designed by Axel Fredrik Nystrom, architect of the capital’s Old National Archives and the Naval Academy. Stockholm’s last two surviving wooden harbour warehouses, dating from around 1910, are also due to go.
Caroline Silfverstolpehe of the Preserve Blasieholmen network, described Chipperfield’s design as a “giant colossus – a de facto convention centre on the mediaeval quayside pillaging everything in its path”.
In a fast-developing city, buildings that speak of its past are more important than ever, she said.
“[The Nobel] is obviously an important part of Sweden and its history that absolutely deserves to get a special place,” she wrote on the website Stockholm Skyline.
“But does it make sense that this is at the expense of other important values, such as the city’s cultural, historic buildings and shipping? The answer is no. Stockholm has room for both these buildings, shipping and a Nobel Museum…
“It is difficult to imagine a more vacuous locus for the solemn Nobel festivities than the one currently planned. It’s time to open both eyes.”
But Annika Pontikis of the Nobel Foundation said: “This is the site that has been given to the project by the city of Stockholm. The city has been saving it for a very long time for a cultural project with international outreach and they felt the Nobel Centre would be perfect.”
She said such campaigns were a typical part of the planning process in Stockholm. The public could have its say through a consultation process that has just begun.
“It’s a city where larger projects of this kind are met with all kinds of discussion and groups of this kind are quite normal,” she added. “We wouldn’t anticipate anything but a debate.”
Chipperfield, who was not available to comment, will now work on detailed plans with a view to submitting the project for planning in the autumn.
The architect was replaced on the redevelopment of the Geffrye Museum in east London after protestors objected to his plans to demolish a Victorian pub. But its plans for Elizabeth House were approved by a planning inspector despite complaints that it would damage views from the Westminster World Heritage Site.
The Guardian - Very True. Why not have we suggested before have a national commission such as the sadly scrapped NHPAU do it and be done with it. LPAs should not have to be hyper housing numbers wonks like me – they should be place making experts.
The coalition’s radical shake-up of the planning system was designed to unleash a spate of new housebuilding.
But on the second anniversary of the introduction of the National Planning Policy Framework, we are still more than 100,000 houses a year short of targets.
There are a number of reasons for this, including wider economic factors, but there is little doubt that one of the choke points is the slow progress of local plans.
Findings from a recent survey of more than 100 local authorities highlight how the time it takes to approve a local plan has risen by 40% to 14 months – hardly conducive to delivering the homes the nation’s future generations require. One of the reasons for this is an evidence arms race which is causing gridlock in the planning system for some areas.
There is a growing bank of findings which show that the pro- and anti-housebuilding lobbies are cranking up the pressure on planning inspectors by presenting volumes of evidence for, or against, futurehousing needs. This involves drawing on the latest data and increasingly refined assumptions on the smallest detail as ammunition for the examination process.
On one side, some councils are investing significant amounts of money on evidence to try to justify reduced estimates of housing need in their local area, presenting a vast array of figures in an attempt to show that economic changes, pension age reform, increased private renting and more sharing of houses by younger people will reduce the level of housing required in their area.
In response, many developers then invest similar amounts assembling the evidence to counter these arguments. In one recent case involving a council in the south of England, a planning inspector had to go through some 20 conflicting consultation documents to come to a decision about whether or not the plan was sound.
Because there is always new data being released, parties on both sides latch on to the latest facts to justify their position, often leading to further delays.
Our research found that just over half of all local plans have proposed fewer homes than the former regional strategy had envisaged, and half of councils have yet to publish a new local plan.
Meanwhile, areas with local plans that predate the NPPF are vulnerable because they do not accord with most recent policy requirements that local areas meet housing needs. These are likely to be overturned on appeal. This applies even for plans prepared as recently as 2011.
A revitalised economy is reinforcing the development industry’s appetite to build new homes. Given the extent of England’s housing crisis and the policy stipulations of the NPPF that local plans must positively seek opportunities to meet the need for new homes, the deep scrutiny of housing plans will not go away soon.
It is also becoming apparent that some local authorities have ambitious targets for new jobs in their areas, but do not match this with sufficient housing development in their plans to enable residents of working age to get on the housing ladder. This leads to long-distance commuting, making it difficult for local businesses to recruit.
Unless this changes, housing will continue to be a planning battleground for years, and all parties will continue to draw upon evidence to back up their position at examinations and planning appeals.
A huge amount of intellectual energy are being invested in an attritional debate over housing numbers when we would all be better off if local areas planned to meet their housing needs and made the case for housing to local residents so that all involved could then focus on good design, mixed communities and creating better places and homes.
Matthew Spry is director at planning consultancy Nathaniel Lichfield & Partners
A newly-appointed Cabinet minister has privately protested to David Cameron about plans to build thousands of homes on the English countryside.
Nicky Morgan, the new Financial Secretary to the Treasury and Minister for Women who was promoted in last week’s reshuffle, told Mr Cameron that plans to build 9,000 homes were causing “great concern” to her constituents and could overwhelm local schools and roads.
It suggests senior Tories fear they could be punished by rural voters at the next election, after moves to water-down planning regulations provoked anger.
Mrs Morgan has said she supports the government’s reforms to the planning system, which Mr Cameron hopes will lead to tens of thousands more homes being built.
However, voters in Mrs Morgan’s Loughborough constituency have been alarmed by large housing schemes proposed by Charnwood Council, including a 500-property development near the village of Shepshed and 3,000 homes near Garendon Park, a country estate.
Mrs Morgan, who in a year’s time will be defending a 3,700 majority, relayed their concerns in private meetings with David Cameron, Nick Boles, the planning minister, and Steve Quartermain, the Chief Planner who is the Whitehall official in charge of boosting house building.
Writing on her personal website in November 2013, Mrs Morgan said she had “continued to raise concerns about local planning at the highest levels of Government.”
“Concerns about planning and inappropriate/too much development is one of the most common concerns local residents talk to me about.
“This week I discussed these concerns with both the Prime Minister and the Planning Minister. I made it clear that while people often accept the need to build more affordable housing and also housing for older residents, developers must listen to the views of local residents and consider the pressure on local infrastructure such as roads and schools.”
The comments were among a series of news entries on Mrs Morgan’s website that been deleted at some point in the last month.
However, an impression of the page has been retained by Google, meaning they are still visible.
Planning reforms under the National Planning Policy Framework have been stiffly resisted by rural campaigners who say they put the countryside at risk by weakening the ability of locals to block developments.
A Treasury source said: “Ministers are constituency MPs. It’s compatible to support government policy and represent concerns on behalf of constituents.”
Some of My favorites for stretching the term.
Ajman Garden City. If you want cheap and not so cheerful housing – with an conference of international urban planning expertese ‘sponsered by the University of Wolverhampton’ Ajman is your place.
Zenzou Garden City China – a real image not a joke – what not build a garden city on the roof of a mega mall. You could fit Letchworth on top of Dubai Mall.
Westfield Garden City Perth - From the biggest mall developers in the world in the most provincial city in the world. What could possibly go right.
Kampala Garden City – Designed by the British – landscape only plots for housing. Now the knobs/Ngos/Embassies quarter. Miss it.
Mirny Garden City – Amazing what you can turn the worlds biggest hole in Eastern Siberia into (still at design stage)
Letchworth? No Forest Hills Gardens in New York State
Village of Garden City Long island - unfair a mid 19th planned community around 5 railways stations. Likley EH got the term, and concept of teh social city, from this development from his first states visit. Now famous for zoining to keep out black people and losing court battle to do so.
Village Nature planned in France
Garden City Kansas – just try crossing the road.
Dresden Hellerau Garden City – better than Letchworth even and Unwin would have agreed.
Zlin Garden City Czech Republic – very nice, especially if you are a fan of Bata shoes (who isnt).
Even Sau Paulo has one - Alto de Pinheiros
And Mexico City even Lomas de Chapultepec
Powell River Britsih Columbia – the whole town a national monument.
Another of my Favorites Tiong Bahru in Singapore. Built by the chinese Ironically the Singaporians and from them the Chinese learned from this they medium rise housing could not scale or be built fast enough to cope with rapid urbaanisation.
There are hundreds, only England stopped building them, please send in your favorites. I am trying to search for my favoritesovient built contructivist example in the Baltic, ill try and remember.