This would replace PPG2o Coastal Planning, being one of the oldest PPGs from 1992, and PPS25 Supplment from 2010 Development and Coastal Change, as well as to some extent the never to be completed most likely PPS10 (2010) which would have replaced it.
The PPG is so old the government seems to have forgotten all about almost nothing from it is carried over, only from the supplement. Apart from two bullet points on pages 46 and 47
- maintain the natural character of the undeveloped coast, protecting and enhancing its distinctive landscapes, particularly in areas defined as Heritage Coast, and improve public access to and enjoyment of the coast;
- in coastal areas, take account of marine plans and apply Integrated Coastal Zone Management33 across local planning authority and land/sea boundaries;
It would have been much better if all coastal issues had been kept in one integrated section.
There are though in these residual section key changes to policies from PPG22.
Ill highlight the key policies from PPG20
The coastal zone extends seaward and landward of the coastline. Its limits are determined by the geographical extent of coastal natural processes and human activities related to the coast. For planning purposes, however, as a general rule the limit of the coastal zone in the seaward direction is mean low water mark. It could include areas affected by off-shore and near-shore natural processes, such as areas of potential tidal flooding and erosion; enclosed tidal waters, suchas estuaries and surrounding areas of land; and areas which are directly visible from the coast. The inland limit of the zone will depend on the extent of direct maritime influences and coast-related activities. (paras 1.5-1.7)
This is useful.
in the coastal zone, development plan policies should normally not provide for development which does not require a coastal location. Therefore, whilst realistic provision should be made in development plans for the foreseeable development needs of an area, the coast, particularly the undeveloped parts, will seldom be the most appropriate location. Few developments require a coastal location. Given both the physical and policy constraints in most parts of the undeveloped coast, it should not be expected to accommodate new development that could be located inland or in existing developed areas.
Which can simply be reduced to:
In the coastal zone, for land which is undeveloped, only development requiring a coastal location will be acceptable.
– predominantly open tourism (tourist caravan sites should be located away from the undeveloped coast where possible, it is for local plans to determine the acceptable new uses for former caravan sites))
– developments, including ports, boatyards, marinas and industries importing bulky raw materials, that depend on access to the sea;
– mineral extraction;
– coastal defences;
– coastguard stations
– nature conservation;
– energy generation; and
– desalination plants, waste water and sewage treatment and disposal.
I’ve updated this list from PPG22 to include desalination plants, coastal defences, nature conservation, coastguard, boatyards and aquaculture and to tighten policy on caravan sites which currently is unacceptably lax.
Without this it would be a major watering down of policy. The suggested replacement only protects the ‘natural character’ of the coast, from draft PPS10. So would underground dwellings ith green roofs be acceptable then?
The importance of regeneration of rundown coastal towns and ports; and restoration of stretches of the despoiled coastline, should be mentioned (para 2.23)
The following based on para 4.5 can also be usefully carried over:
development plans should cooperate should define:
– the coastal zone and any coastal zone management areas within the coastal zone;
– those parts of the coast where either opportunities exist for development for purposes which require a coastal location or for increased levels of recreation and other coast-related activities;
– those parts of the coast where physical constraints and/or risks from coastal change either make development inappropriate or require the imposition of special conditions on planning consents; and – those parts of the coast which need enhancement or regeneration, particularly areas damaged by past development.
Now PPG22 was from the days of integrated coastal zone management. The key innovation in coastal zone planning in the last 20 years, together with the formation of the Marine Management Organisation which controls the planning of the area below the MHWM under the Marine and Coastal Areas Act 2009.
In January 2009 the UK’s Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) launched ‘A strategy for promoting an integrated approach to the management of coastal areas in England’. Defra’s definition of ICZM is:
‘Integrated Coastal Zone Management means adopting a joined-up approach towards the many different interests in coastal areas – both on the land and at sea. It is the process of harmonising the different policies and decision-making structures, and bringing together coastal stakeholders to take concerted action towards achieving common goals. Integrating the many different interests effectively means we can look at the coast in a holistic way.’
Why is there not a reference to this document and inclusion of the definition and aim of ICZM, and the need to work with the MMO, at the very beginning of the section? The definition in footnote 33 is just a tautology.
The policy on development management of the coastal zone management area is the same as the PPS25 supplement, but includes reference to policy for the national coastal path, carried over from the 2009 coastal act and the national coastal strategy.